Marowijne is a district located in the northeast of the country. To the north, Marowijne is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and to the east, it is bordered by the Marowijne River of the same name, which forms the border with French Guiana. The area of this district is 4627 km2. The district is subdivided into 6 districts, of which Albina is the capital. At the 2012 census, the population of the Marowijne district was 18294 inhabitants. 72% of the inhabitants are descendants of runaway slaves (Maroons), who settled along the banks of the Marowijne and Cottica rivers during slavery.
The district's main livelihoods are small-scale farming and mining. In the early twentieth century, bauxite was discovered near Moengo. This resulted in a strong increase in mining, carried out by the Surinaamsche Bauxiet Maatschappij (SBM and later Suralco), which resulted in a clear increase in prosperity in Suriname.
Marowijne is a unique place to be and many people stay there for a short time to continue their journey. Moengo, as the second capital of Marowijne, annually hosts the well-known Tembé Kunst Festival, led by the international Surinamese artist Marcel Pinas.